We live surrounded by colour! There are colours which appear warm, such as red and orange, and colours which appear cool, such as blue and violet. All colours are the result of mixtures of primary colours, plus white and black which creates its brightness or darkness.
When two primary colours are mixed they create what’s called a secondary colour. For example: blue and yellow mixed together make green.
When a primary and secondary colour are mixed together, they make what’s called a tertiary colour. For example: red (a primary) mixed with green (a secondary) makes brown (a tertiary colour).
Colours can influence our moods, sometimes we give them meanings to express feelings. For example ‘green with envy’, ‘I’m feeling blue’, etc.
In Ancient Egypt it represented the hope and the joy of spring. For the Japanese it represents life and is used in New Year's decorations. In medieval Europe brides wore green to symbolise fertility.
It is the favourite colour of more than half of the world's population. Many cultures associate blue with the sky and the ocean: This colour often symbolises calmness, contemplation and sadness.
It is associated with fire, energy, passion and love, but also rage and war. In China,
it is the colour of happiness and good luck.The word red in Russian also means ‘beautiful’.
Yellow is associated with happiness, and in Buddhism, spirituality. It is the royal colour in China. During the Ch'ing Dynasty only the emperor could wear it.
It represents purity, the beginning of a new life. Jewish, Christian and Hindu religions use it to indicate purity and inner peace. In many Asian cultures wearing white represents mourning.
• Green and gold are the official national colours of Australia. These are the main colours found on Golden Wattle, Australia’s national flower.
• Almost all national flags contain red, blue, green or yellow. The colour of the rings in the Olympic flag represent at least one colour from every country’s flag.